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Chinese Culture中国文化

Chinese Paintings

It`s interesting that Chinese paintings can be created on the spot, ev-en though most of them have similar subjects.
Peony, plum blossoms , mountains, creeks, cottages are very popular. There are often painters at significant celebratory and commemorative events.
Their educational function is, in fact, a unique feature of Chinese painting. Human profiles were used as a method to either glorify heroes or condemn traitors 2,000 years ago. Tang Dynasty officials even tried to b-ring painting into Confucian ideology. The Court of the Song Dynasty pu-blished an official guide to paintings. This raised criteria not only for hu-man profiles but also for landscape and object paintings. It classified pa-intings into ten categories covering religious beliefs, Confucianism and state power. This classification gave an official definition of the value andsignificance of the paintings.
The purpose of landscape paintings was to portray the five mountains, while fruit and birds were used to exemplify or eulogize the Gods. In this case, the subjects were used as references to people in order to de-liver moral messages. For example, peony and peacocks(kǒng què孔雀) represented wealth and fortune; plum blossoms, orchids (lán huā兰花), bamboo, and chrysanthemum (jú huā 菊花 represented 
elegance and accomplishment; and pine trees and cypresses symbolized loyalty. 
Artists are usually against pragmatism. They like to give meaning to t-he subjects they paint. Bamboo symbolizes integrity and pine trees sym-bolize never giving up. Artists also like landscapes. It doesn`t take a lot of training to paint landscapes. It all depends on the painter`s personali-ty and ability, as well as his unique touch. Most of today`s non-professional painters follow the landscape style. The objective of these painters 
is purely entertainment and self-satisfaction. The more successful artistshave the opportunity to exhibit at public functions. That is probably the climax of their painting careers.